Descendants of Thomas Lively, 1750


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1. Mark "Marke" Lively [33574], son of Mark Lively [1] and Mary McGhee [2], was born about 1730 in Virginia and died in 1781 in District 96, South Carolina about age 51.

General Notes: The listing of this Mark Lively (Marke Lively) is speculation based upon time and circumstances. We believe this Marke Lively was the second son of Mark Lively (Mark Lifely) who lived at Buck Island Creek. It was an 18th century tradition to name the second son after the father, and at times, the grandfather. We think Marke migrated south much the same as the third son William, perhaps traveling together.


Marke was killed in battle as a loyalist fighting against General Nathaniel Greene's Revolutionary Army Divisions at the District 96 Post, South Carolina.

June 18, 1781
After his defeat at Hobkirk's Hill, General Greene kept his army on the offensive. He next struck the British at Post Ninety-Six, a post in western South Carolina. Defending the fort were 550 Tories under Lt. Col John Cruger. Greene reached the fort with 984 men on May 22. Colonel Henry Light Horse Harry Lee arrived June 8th with his legion of Americans.

Lt Col Francis Rawdon, the British Commander of the South, sent 2,000 regulars to relieve the garrison at Ninety-Six. Before they could arrive, Greene had stormed the fort but were beaten off. The American dead were 57 in number, and 70 wounded, 20 missing. The defenders lost 27 dead and 58 wounded. The British won the battle but were forced to abandon the fort as they could not withstand another offensive without significant reinforcement.
From the Ninety Six Brigade Pay Abstract for Colonel John Cotton's Regiment, Stevenson's Creek Militia; "Loyalists in the American Revolution"; Loyalists in the Southern Campaign, Vol I, Ninety Six Brigade, Page 242:

Among those listed for 183 days pay on 13 Dec 1780 were:
1. Marke Lively - Private
2. Rubin (Reuben) Lively - Private
3. Thomas Lively - Private
4. John Lively - Private

From the same source on Page 249, which we assume was a later payroll document (was in poor condition), the same brigade is listed with fewer men. This time these Livelys were named:
1. Thomas Lively - Private
2. Rubin (Reuben) Lively - Private
3. John Lively - Private

Thomas, Reuben and John are accounted for as sons of Unknown Lively. (see this family group). Marke Lively is a new name. We know that Reuben Lively opted to relocate to Nova Scotia on the promise of a land grant for services rendered, and in his declaration to the British he stated that his father was killed in the Battle of Post Ninety Six. His father was also the father of John and Thomas. It seems obvious that the father's name was Marke Lively. Although this is not absolute proof, this may be as close as we will ever come to finding a document naming the father.

By 1778, British and American combatants in the north were stalemated, and a quick end to the Revolutionary War was doubtful. The British now rekindled a plan for putting down the rebellion by first controlling the southern colonies and then sweeping north to total victory. The strategy began well. Savannah was captured in late 1778, and Charleston fell in 1780. Lord Cornwallis, the British commander in the south, then planned to move his troops through the Carolina backcountry providing encouragement to loyalists there. Cornwallis' intent was to enlist a strong loyalist militia which, supported by British regulars, would control the backcountry. This proved successful as loyalist militia units formed and maneuvered throughout the area. By the summer of 1780, British control of South Carolina seemed assured, especially after Cornwallis' crushing defeat of American forces at Camden in August, 1780. Cornwallis was ready to begin his march northward.

The British had secured Ninety Six as a base of operations in the backcountry in June, 1780, and Cornwallis believed Ninety Six would be crucial to control of the backcountry once the British Army moved northward out of South Carolina. Cornwallis left Lieutenant-Colonel John Harris Cruger, a loyalist from New York, in charge of Ninety Six. Cruger's instructions were to be "vigorous" in punishing rebels and maintaining order in the area.

The Tide Turns
A series of events beginning in autumn, 1780, put the success of the British Southern Campaign in doubt. In October, 1780, a patriot militia force defeated Patrick Ferguson and his corps of loyalists at Kings Mountain (see map above). Francis Marion was campaigning against British loyalists in the low country of South Carolina, and Thomas Sumter maneuvered his patriot forces against loyalists targets in the South Carolina upcountry. In addition, Nathanael Greene, the new commander of American forces in the south, had split his army to move more widely through the Carolinas.

Cornwallls, fearing for Ninety Six and overall British control of South Carolina, sent units to remove the patriot threat. The British lost many of the ensuing encounters including a significant defeat at The Cowpens In January, 1781. Cornwallis and Greene met each other in March, 1781, at Guilford Courthouse; the British won this encounter but lost nearly a third of its force including some of the best officers. Cornwallis then moved his army to Wilmington, and Greene turned his attention back to South Carolina and Ninety Six. Greene hoped to loosen the British hold on the backcountry by taking Ninety Six and forcing the enemy to Charleston.

Greene set siege to Ninety Six in May, 1781, but never took the fort. He was forced to lift the siege a month later as British reinforcements advanced toward Ninety Six. The British abandoned Ninety Six in July and moved to the coast. This signaled the end of British control of the interior. The Southern Campaign was over. British forces surrendered at Yorktown four months later, effectively ending the war.

Mark married Martha Unknown [35541] [MRIN: 3720].

Children from this marriage were:

+ 2 M    i. Thomas Lively [2622] was born on 5 May 1750 and died about 1839 in Pickens County, South Carolina about age 89.

+ 3 M    ii. Reuben Lively [2954] was born in 1756 in America and died in 1826 in Rawdon, Nova Scotia at age 70.

+ 4 M    iii. John Porter Lively [2479] was born in 1760 in Abbeville County, South Carolina, died on 31 Mar 1828 in Sparta, Illinois at age 68, and was buried in Lively Cemetery, Randolph County, Illinois.

+ 5 M    iv. Joseph Lively [11095] was born in 1765 in Abbeville County, South Carolina, died on 31 Mar 1831 in Randolph County, Illinois at age 66, and was buried in Lively Cemetery, Sparta, Illinois.

+ 6 F    v. Catherine Lively [2658] was born in 1766 in Abbeville, South Carolina and died after 1820 in Randolph County, Illinois.

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